PEOPLE who tried to escape from East Germany during the Cold War could be shot, jailed and tortured. But the government was so short of money that some ended up being secretly sold – to West Germany, the country most of them had been trying to reach in the first place.
Read the rest of my exclusive piece for the BBC here.
I PAY a visit to the European Capital of Culture 2015, Plzeň, a Czech city that brought the world Skoda cars and pilsner beer.
EXACTLY 100 years ago today, events in Sarajevo changed the course of history forever. I went to the Bosnia-Herzegovina capital to learn more about that fateful day. Here’s what I found out, as published in National Geographic Traveller:
WHY is an opera house in Muscat generating so much controversy? I visited the Omani capital to find out, as part of my latest assignment for BBC Travel. Read the full story here.
THE Galapagos Islands are a miracle of Mother Nature.
Formed by volcanoes beneath the Pacific Ocean and floating 600 miles off the coast of Ecuador, it is a wonder anything is able to survive on the isolated, inhospitable archipelago. Yet wildlife thrives here and these islands are regarded as the most bio-diverse in the world.
Thousands of tourists flock to Galapagos annually to marvel at its extraordinary inhabitants – the friendly sea lions, the penguins and, of course, the countless bird species unique to the islands. These visitors follow in the footsteps of Charles Darwin, who developed his theory of evolution here after observing the local wildlife.
However, some of the most iconic Galapagos species are facing an uncertain future, possibly extinction. This is the theme of my latest report for the BBC, in which I look at the problems facing Galapagos wildlife and find out what is being done to help preserve vulnerable species for future generations to enjoy. You can read my report here.
SET in the heart of Old Town Quito, Casa Gangotena has quickly established itself as one of South America’s finest boutique hotels. I bedded down there on a recent visit to the Ecuadorian capital and found it a calming influence. You can read my full review, which was published with World Travel Guide, here.
EARLIER this month I interviewed Nick Baker, the TV naturalist and all round good egg, best-known for presenting Springwatch on the BBC. He chatted to me about sleeping with penguins in Antarctica, why bats were nearly the death of him in Costa Rica and the best places to go for wildlife watching holidays.
You can read the full interview with him, which was published through World Travel Guide, here.
Galapagos in pictures
Straddling the equator, the Galapagos Islands are formed by a volcanic hot spot beneath the Pacific Ocean...[img src=http://gavinhainescom.fatcow.com/wp-content/flagallery/galapagos-in-pictures/thumbs/thumbs_2.jpg]210
...the oldest island is 4.5 million years old and the youngest a mere 300,000 years[img src=http://gavinhainescom.fatcow.com/wp-content/flagallery/galapagos-in-pictures/thumbs/thumbs_3.jpg]210Famous residents
The Galapagos Islands are a hotbed of biodiversity and its playful sea lions are amongst the most popular residents [img src=http://gavinhainescom.fatcow.com/wp-content/flagallery/galapagos-in-pictures/thumbs/thumbs_4.jpg]190The Darwin connection
Charles Darwin came up with his theory of evolution in Galapagos. This iguana has evolved differently from its relatives on mainland South America[img src=http://gavinhainescom.fatcow.com/wp-content/flagallery/galapagos-in-pictures/thumbs/thumbs_5.jpg]210A twitcher's delight
This swallow-tailed gull is one of the many birds that attracts twitchers to the islands [img src=http://gavinhainescom.fatcow.com/wp-content/flagallery/galapagos-in-pictures/thumbs/thumbs_6.jpg]200Beneath the waves
Three ocean currents converge at the Galapagos Islands bringing with them bountiful marine life [img src=http://gavinhainescom.fatcow.com/wp-content/flagallery/galapagos-in-pictures/thumbs/thumbs_7.jpg]190Star attraction
The giant tortoise is synonymous with the Galapagos Islands and there are estimated to be 35,000 of them living here... [img src=http://gavinhainescom.fatcow.com/wp-content/flagallery/galapagos-in-pictures/thumbs/thumbs_8.jpg]220
...but that's no thanks to international sailors who nearly hunted them to extinction in the 19th century [img src=http://gavinhainescom.fatcow.com/wp-content/flagallery/galapagos-in-pictures/thumbs/thumbs_9.jpg]170Gone with the wind
Most of the plants that have colonised Galapagos came as seeds on the trade winds - they were blown over 600 miles across the Pacific[img src=http://gavinhainescom.fatcow.com/wp-content/flagallery/galapagos-in-pictures/thumbs/thumbs_10.jpg]210Feeding time
A baby Nazca booby waits for dinner to be delivered by his parents[img src=http://gavinhainescom.fatcow.com/wp-content/flagallery/galapagos-in-pictures/thumbs/thumbs_11.jpg]160Big mouth
A wonderful bird is a pelican, his bill will hold more than its belly can[img src=http://gavinhainescom.fatcow.com/wp-content/flagallery/galapagos-in-pictures/thumbs/thumbs_12.jpg]210Siesta time
A young sea lion stirs from a siesta on the beach [img src=http://gavinhainescom.fatcow.com/wp-content/flagallery/galapagos-in-pictures/thumbs/thumbs_13.jpg]190Back to school
Galapagos guide, John Garate, leads a quick lesson in the geology of the islands[img src=http://gavinhainescom.fatcow.com/wp-content/flagallery/galapagos-in-pictures/thumbs/thumbs_14.jpg]180An unlikely resident
Galapagos penguins are thousands of miles from their native Antarctica, but the water here is just cool enough to sustain them [img src=http://gavinhainescom.fatcow.com/wp-content/flagallery/galapagos-in-pictures/thumbs/thumbs_15.jpg]180Not on your own doorstep
This Nazca booby has turned shitting on its own doorstep into an art form [img src=http://gavinhainescom.fatcow.com/wp-content/flagallery/galapagos-in-pictures/thumbs/thumbs_16.jpg]190Hooray for boobies
Red footed boobies are one of the most celebrated birds on the islands and not just because of their red feet...[img src=http://gavinhainescom.fatcow.com/wp-content/flagallery/galapagos-in-pictures/thumbs/thumbs_17.jpg]180
...they also wow visitors by diving into the ocean at nearly 100kph to catch fish[img src=http://gavinhainescom.fatcow.com/wp-content/flagallery/galapagos-in-pictures/thumbs/thumbs_18.jpg]190Expectant mother
A Nazca booby protects a recently laid egg from the wind and potential predators [img src=http://gavinhainescom.fatcow.com/wp-content/flagallery/galapagos-in-pictures/thumbs/thumbs_19.jpg]210The silent hunter
This short-eared owl will make no sound when it swoops in on unsuspecting petrels[img src=http://gavinhainescom.fatcow.com/wp-content/flagallery/galapagos-in-pictures/thumbs/thumbs_20.jpg]170Another stalker
This heron is also a stealth hunter and will pluck fish from the sea when it gets hungry
FADIOUTH is an island located just off the Petite Côte of Senegal and is made entirely out of empty seashells. Even the graveyard – pictured above – is fashioned from mollusk casings, but that’s just one of the many remarkable things about this place. Find out more about Fadiouth by reading my blog for National Geographic Traveller here.
THE Ecuadorian Government has ploughed millions into restoring the country’s historic railways, so I headed to the South American nation and jumped aboard. Here’s a blog about an experience I had on Ecuador’s trains, which was published with National Geographic Traveller.